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Learn the Fundamentals and Methods of Process Equipment Design with Hesse and Rushton



Process Equipment Design by Hesse and Rushton: A Classic Textbook for Chemical Engineers




If you are a chemical engineer or a student of chemical engineering, you may have heard of the book Process Equipment Design by Herman C. Hesse and J. Henry Rushton. This book, first published in 1945, is considered one of the most comprehensive and authoritative texts on the design of chemical process equipment. In this article, we will explore what this book is about, why it is important, what are the benefits and challenges of reading it, and what are some alternatives to it.




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What is process equipment design?




Process equipment design is the branch of engineering that deals with the design, selection, specification, and construction of equipment used in chemical processes. These processes involve the transformation of raw materials into useful products, such as fuels, plastics, pharmaceuticals, fertilizers, and many more. Process equipment includes vessels, reactors, heat exchangers, pumps, valves, pipes, fittings, and other components that facilitate the flow and transfer of mass, energy, and momentum within a process.


Who are Hesse and Rushton?




Herman C. Hesse (1900-1988) was a professor of chemical engineering at Columbia University from 1929 to 1969. He was also a consultant for various industries and government agencies. He was an expert in fluid mechanics, heat transfer, distillation, absorption, extraction, and other unit operations. He authored or co-authored several books and papers on these topics.


J. Henry Rushton (1898-1975) was a professor of chemical engineering at Cornell University from 1930 to 1968. He was also a consultant for various industries and government agencies. He was an expert in fluid mechanics, heat transfer, mass transfer, reaction kinetics, catalysis, and other unit operations. He authored or co-authored several books and papers on these topics.


Hesse and Rushton collaborated on writing Process Equipment Design based on their extensive teaching and consulting experience. They aimed to provide a comprehensive and practical guide for chemical engineers who were involved in designing process equipment.


Why is their book important?




Process Equipment Design by Hesse and Rushton is important for several reasons:



  • It covers the fundamental principles and methods of process equipment design in a systematic and logical manner.



  • It provides detailed examples and illustrations of various types of process equipment and their design calculations.



  • It incorporates the latest developments and standards in process equipment design at the time of publication.



  • It reflects the practical experience and insights of the authors as teachers and consultants.



  • It has influenced generations of chemical engineers who have used it as a textbook or a reference book.



The Contents of the Book




The book consists of four parts, each containing several chapters. Here is an overview of the contents of each part:


Part I: General Principles




This part covers the general principles and methods of process equipment design, such as:



  • The objectives and criteria of process equipment design.



  • The sources and estimation of physical and chemical properties of fluids and solids.



  • The application of fluid mechanics, heat transfer, mass transfer, and thermodynamics to process equipment design.



  • The selection and specification of materials of construction.



  • The methods of stress analysis and mechanical design.



  • The standards and codes of practice for process equipment design.



Part II: Vessels for Gas-Liquid Operations




This part covers the design of vessels for gas-liquid operations, such as:



  • Storage tanks for liquids and gases.



  • Pressure vessels for liquids and gases.



  • Vessels for mixing, agitation, and blending.



  • Vessels for gas absorption, liquid extraction, and liquid-liquid extraction.



  • Vessels for distillation, rectification, and fractionation.



Part III: Heat Transfer Equipment




This part covers the design of heat transfer equipment, such as:



  • Heat exchangers for single-phase and two-phase fluids.



  • Condensers and evaporators for vapor-liquid systems.



  • Boilers and steam generators for water-steam systems.



  • Cooling towers and air-cooled heat exchangers for water-air systems.



  • Furnaces and heaters for combustion systems.



Part IV: Auxiliary Equipment




This part covers the design of auxiliary equipment, such as:



  • Pumps and compressors for fluid transport.



  • Valves and fittings for fluid control.



  • Pipes and tubing for fluid distribution.



  • Instrumentation and control systems for process monitoring and regulation.



The Benefits of Reading the Book




Reading Process Equipment Design by Hesse and Rushton can provide several benefits, such as:



  • You can learn the fundamental principles and methods of process equipment design in a systematic and logical manner.



  • You can gain a deeper understanding of the various types of process equipment and their design calculations.



  • You can apply the latest developments and standards in process equipment design to your own projects.



  • You can benefit from the practical experience and insights of the authors as teachers and consultants.



  • You can enhance your skills and knowledge as a chemical engineer who is involved in designing process equipment.



The Challenges of Reading the Book




Reading Process Equipment Design by Hesse and Rushton can also pose some challenges, such as:



  • The book is not widely available in print or digital formats. You may have to search for a copy in libraries or online platforms.



  • The book is written in an old-fashioned language and style that may be difficult to follow or understand. You may have to adapt to the terminology and notation used by the authors.



  • The book is not updated or revised to reflect the current developments and standards in process equipment design. You may have to supplement your reading with more recent sources of information.



The Alternatives to the Book




If you are looking for alternatives to Process Equipment Design by Hesse and Rushton, you may consider the following options:


Other books on process equipment design




There are many other books on process equipment design that cover similar topics or focus on specific aspects. Some examples are:



  • Chemical Engineering Design: Principles, Practice and Economics of Plant and Process Design by Gavin Towler and R.K. Sinnott. This book provides a comprehensive and modern guide to chemical engineering design, covering both general principles and specific applications.



  • Process Equipment Design: Vessel Design by Lloyd E. Brownell and Edwin H. Young. This book focuses on the design of pressure vessels, storage tanks, heat exchangers, reactors, columns, and other vessels for gas-liquid operations.



  • Process Heat Transfer: Principles, Applications and Rules of Thumb by Robert W. Serth and Thomas Lestina. This book covers the fundamentals and applications of process heat transfer, including design methods, correlations, charts, tables, examples, problems, and solutions.



  • Process Equipment Malfunctions: Techniques to Identify and Correct Plant Problems by Norman P. Lieberman. This book covers the diagnosis and correction of common process equipment malfunctions, such as leaks, clogs, fouling, corrosion, erosion, vibration, noise, and failure.



Online resources and courses




There are many online resources and courses on process equipment design that offer free or paid access to information, tutorials, videos, quizzes, assignments, projects, and certificates. Some examples are:



  • Chemical Engineering Design 1: Principles and Concepts by edX. This course covers the basic principles and concepts of chemical engineering design, such as design criteria, process flowsheets, mass and energy balances, equipment sizing, costing, and optimization.



  • Chemicals and Health by Coursera. This course covers the health effects and risks of chemicals used in various processes and products, such as pesticides, plastics, cosmetics, drugs, food additives, and air pollutants.



  • Process Equipment Selection and Design by Udemy. This course covers the selection and design of process equipment for different unit operations, such as distillation, absorption, extraction, heat transfer, filtration, drying, crystallization, and solid-liquid separation.



  • Chemical and Biological Engineering Thermodynamics by MIT OpenCourseWare. This course covers the thermodynamics of chemical and biological systems, such as phase equilibria, chemical equilibria, reaction kinetics, electrochemistry, and bioenergetics.



  • Chemistry by Khan Academy. This resource covers the basics of chemistry, such as atoms, molecules, compounds, reactions, stoichiometry, equilibrium, kinetics, thermodynamics, acids and bases, redox reactions, , and biochemistry.



Professional associations and journals




There are many professional associations and journals on process equipment design that offer membership, networking, events, publications, awards, and recognition. Some examples are:



  • American Institute of Chemical Engineers (AIChE). This is the world's leading organization for chemical engineering professionals, with more than 60,000 members from over 110 countries. It offers conferences, webinars, courses, publications, certifications, awards, and scholarships.



  • Institution of Chemical Engineers (IChemE). This is a global professional engineering institution with over 35,000 members in more than 100 countries. It offers accreditation, training, events, publications, awards, and grants.



  • ASME Journals. These are peer-reviewed journals published by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) that cover various topics related to mechanical engineering, including process equipment design.



  • Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. This is a peer-reviewed journal published by the American Chemical Society (ACS) that covers research and development in chemical engineering and related fields.



Conclusion




In this article, we have explored the book Process Equipment Design by Herman C. Hesse and J. Henry Rushton. We have learned what this book is about, why it is important, what are the benefits and challenges of reading it, and what are some alternatives to it. We have also seen that this book is a classic textbook for chemical engineers who want to learn the fundamentals and methods of process equipment design.


If you are interested in reading this book, you may have to search for a copy in libraries or online platforms. You may also have to adapt to the language and style of the authors and supplement your reading with more recent sources of information. However, if you do so, you will gain a deeper understanding of the various types of process equipment and their design calculations. You will also benefit from the practical experience and insights of the authors as teachers and consultants.


If you are looking for alternatives to this book, you may consider other books on process equipment design that cover similar topics or focus on specific aspects. You may also consider online resources and courses that offer free or paid access to information, tutorials, videos, quizzes, assignments, projects, and certificates. You may also consider professional associations and journals that offer membership, networking, events, , awards, and recognition.


Whether you choose to read this book or not, we hope that this article has helped you learn more about process equipment design and its importance for chemical engineering. We also hope that this article has inspired you to explore more resources and opportunities to enhance your skills and knowledge as a chemical engineer who is involved in designing process equipment.


FAQs




Here are some frequently asked questions about process equipment design and the book by Hesse and Rushton:



  • What is the difference between process equipment design and process design?



Process equipment design is the branch of engineering that deals with the design of individual equipment used in chemical processes. Process design is the branch of engineering that deals with the design of the whole process, including the selection, arrangement, integration, and optimization of the equipment.


  • What are the main steps of process equipment design?



The main steps of process equipment design are:


  • Define the objectives and criteria of the design.



  • Gather and estimate the physical and chemical properties of the fluids and solids involved in the process.



  • Apply the principles and methods of fluid mechanics, heat transfer, mass transfer, and thermodynamics to the design.



  • Select and specify the materials of construction for the equipment.



  • Perform stress analysis and mechanical design for the equipment.



  • Follow the standards and codes of practice for the design.



  • What are some examples of process equipment?



Some examples of process equipment are:


  • Vessels for storage, pressure, mixing, agitation, blending, absorption, extraction, distillation, rectification, and fractionation.



  • Heat exchangers for single-phase and two-phase fluids, condensers, evaporators, boilers, steam generators, cooling towers, air-cooled heat exchangers, furnaces, and heaters.



  • Pumps, compressors, valves, fittings, pipes, tubing, instrumentation, and control systems.



  • What are some challenges of process equipment design?



Some challenges of process equipment design are:


  • Dealing with complex and nonlinear phenomena such as turbulence, multiphase flow, phase change, reaction kinetics, catalysis, , and corrosion.



  • Ensuring the safety, reliability, efficiency, and sustainability of the equipment and the process.



  • Meeting the economic, environmental, and social constraints and expectations of the design.



  • Adapting to the changing needs and demands of the market and the society.



  • How can I learn more about process equipment design?



You can learn more about process equipment design by reading books, articles, and papers on the topic. You can also take online or offline courses or workshops on the topic. You can also join professional associations or journals on the topic. You can also consult with experts or mentors on the topic.


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